Urethritis is a urinary infection that affects the urethra and can produce bacteria such as Chlamydia Trachomatis and Neisseria Gonorrhea or viruses such as: herpes simplex and cytomegalovirus, causing inflammation and irritation of the urethral duct.

In men gonorrhea and chlamydia are the most frequent causes of developing a case of urethritis and in women this microorganism can infect the urethra, although it is the vagina, cervix, uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes that have higher chance of being infected.

On the other hand, Trichomonas is a type of microscopic parasite, which also usually causes urethritis in men.


The population group with the greatest risk of presenting and suffering from this pathology is that of women of childbearing age and men between 20 and 35 years of age, especially if they have a history of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and develop risk behaviors how to have multiple sexual partners and practicing anal intercourse without protection of a condom.

The diagnosis of urethritis is made by physical examination of the patient, the abdomen, bladder, scrotum and penis in men, and pelvic and abdominal examination in women, along with blood test, a culture test, a cystoscopy and if necessary, a pelvic ultrasound in women. The main objective of treatment is to eliminate the pathogenic agent that has caused the infection and prevent its spread to other parts of the urinary system in addition to reducing symptoms and for this purpose antibiotics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used if the urethritis is of bacterial origin or antivirals if viral.

In addition, it is very important that the couple go to a consultation or have tests carried out to assess whether they require treatment, in addition to this, there must be sexual abstinence or the use of a condom until the infection has completely disappeared.

It should be noted that this urinary infection can have important complications, such as its spread to other parts of the urinary system or urethral structures after scarring of the urethra.

Women can also develop cervicitis or pelvic inflammatory disease, which is an infection that can affect the endometrium, fallopian tubes and ovaries, thereby compromising fertility.

Untreated or improperly treated urethral infections can cause a narrowing of the urethra which increases the risk of bladder or kidney infections.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

The symptoms of urethritis vary depending on the sex of the patient, but generally can be presented:

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